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for patellofemoral pain (knee cap pain)

 

Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a condition where pain is felt on the front of the knee, either around or behind the patella. The patellofemoral joint is part of the knee joint, where the kneecap (patella) sits within its groove (trochlea) on the front of the thigh bone (femur). A smooth layer of joint cartilage covers the trochlea and the back of the patella to help the joint surfaces glide without friction. There are ligaments that help hold the patella centred on the trochlea, and also several muscles attaching to the patella that move it along the trochlea groove. The patellofemoral joint functions as a pulley system to help the quadriceps muscles straighten the knee most efficiently.

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